Can machines be "intelligent"? Alan Turing, one of the fathers of artificial intelligence (AI), proposed a test: If a person could have a conversation with a computer via text chat and not know whether it was a computer or another person responding, then the computer was intelligent.
The development of AI is an important goal to many people in the robotics and computing industries. Computer scientists, philosophers, language specialists, and brain researchers have been trying to develop human-like AI for more than fifty years, but many people think that little real progress has been made. Human intelligence is extremely complex, and designing a computer that can match the human ability to sense, think, and act continues to be a challenge. Development of these systems has lead to advances in how we communicate with machines -- from the 'conversational' phone systems that ask us questions in a friendly human voice to directional kiosks that help us get around unfamiliar places.
Many criticize the Turing Test, saying that a computer could pass simply by simulating conversation but not actually understanding the content. You have the opportunity in the links below to try yourself. See if one of these online AI bots convinces you of its intelligence:
This chatbot was created by "LAB X" at Carnegie Mellon University