After finishing research and experimentation, you are required to write a (maximum) 100-word, one-page abstract. An abstract should include: (a) purpose of the experiment, (b) procedures used, (c) data, and (d) conclusions. It also may include any possible research applications. Only minimal reference to previous work may be included. The abstract should focus on work done since the last Covestro PRSEF and should not include: a) acknowledgments, or b) work or procedures done by the mentor.
A completed abstract MUST be submitted online on or before February 2, 2018.
An abstract is a very short description (100 word maximum) of what you did, why you did it, how you did it, what the results were, what the conclusion was and perhaps what work is planned as a follow-up. An abstract must NOT include any acknowledgements or work or procedures done by the mentor. Projects do not need to be completed to submit an abstract. You can simply state experimentation is continuing.
Sponsor and other special award judges have requested student abstracts prior to competition day to determine which projects address their special areas. In addition, category judges review abstracts prior to interviews to receive a summary of the research. Abstracts must be submitted online by teachers.
All three abstracts have 100 words or less.
Project Title: What Type of Trash Makes the Most Biogas
Fossil fuels are becoming a rare resource because they are nonrenewable. My experiment provides us with an alternative way to produce gas. I wanted to find out which type of organic material produces the most biogas. To do that, I pureed apples, blueberries, onions, and lettuce, put them in bottles filled to the top with water, and sealed the top with a balloon. Then, every day for a week, I measured the circumference of the balloon. After the one week, the apples ended up producing the most biogas, rejecting my hypothesis that the blueberries would produce the most biogas.
Project Title: Landfill Chemistry
Landfills are a major problem and this study evaluated ways to increase the decomposition rate of newspaper, a common ingredient. Eight simulated landfills were built, and the rate of the decomposition of newspaper was tested by adding various agents: “yeast with Yeast Energizer,” “Campden Tablets,” and “Amalayse Enzyme.” Microbial growth and biodegradability of the newspaper were then examined. Newspaper treated with Alpha Amylase underwent a significant increase in decomposition as compared with untreated samples and the other agents. Future studies are being planned in an effort to increase the decomposition rate of plastics and organic garbage.
Project Title: Cetuximab_DHA Antitumor Effect
Cetuximab is EGFR-specific antibody treatment for head and neck cancers. Since only 10-20% of patients respond clinically, there is an interest in enhancing cetuximab’s efficacy. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid that can inhibit tumor progression. The effects of combining DHA and cetuximab on cell proliferation, EGFR expression, and antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) were studied in vitro. Combination treatment better reduced proliferation, and DHA upregulated phospho-EGFR while combination treatment mitigated this effect. Pre-treatment of tumor cells with DHA increased ADCC by healthy donor effector cells. These findings show co-administration enhances the antitumor effects the treatments had alone.
Please call the Covestro PRSEF office at 412.237.1534 if you have any questions.